Fisher kernel on visual vocabularies for image categorization
Florent Perronnin, Chris Dance
Within the field of pattern classification, the Fisher kernel is a powerful framework which combines the strengths of generative and discriminative approaches. The idea is to characterize a signal with a gradient vector derived from a generative probability model and to subsequently feed this representation to a discriminative classifier. We propose to apply this framework to image categorization where the input signals are images and where the underlying generative model is a visual vocabulary: a Gaussian mixture model which approximates the distribution of low-level features in images. We show that Fisher kernels can actually be understood as an extension of the popular bag-of-visterms. Our approach demonstrates excellent performance on two challenging databases: an in-house database of 19 object/scene categories and the recently released VOC 2006 database. It is also very practical: it has low computational needs both at training and test time and vocabularies trained on one set categories can be applied to another set without any significant loss in performance.
CVPR, Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, June 18-23, 2007, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
2006-034.pdf (158.82 kB)