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Fisher Vectors Meet Neural Networks: A Hybrid Classification Architecture

Florent Perronnin, Diane Larlus
Fisher Vectors (FV) and Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) are two image classification pipelines with different strengths. While CNNs have shown superior accuracy on a number of classification tasks, FV classifiers are typically less costly to train and evaluate. We propose a hybrid architecture that combines their strengths: the first unsupervised layers rely on the FV while the subsequent fully-connected supervised layers are trained with back-propagation. We show experimentally that this hybrid architecture significantly outperforms standard FV systems without incurring the high cost that comes with CNNs. We also derive competitive mid-level features from our architecture that are readily applicable to other class sets and even to new tasks.
CVPR, Boston, USA, 7-12 June, 2015