Locating outliers in large matrices with adaptive compressive sampling

30th June 2016

Xingguo Li , doctoral candidate at University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, U.S.A.

Abstract: This paper examines the problem of locating outlier columns in a large, otherwise low-rank, matrix. We propose a simple two-step adaptive sensing and inference approach and establish theoretical guarantees for its performance; our results show that accurate outlier identification is achievable using very few linear summaries of the original data matrix -- as few as the squared rank of the low-rank component plus the number of outliers, times constant and logarithmic factors. We demonstrate the performance of our approach experimentally in two stylized applications, one motivated by robust collaborative filtering tasks, and the other by saliency map estimation tasks arising in computer vision and automated surveillance, and also investigate extensions to settings where the data are noisy, possibly incomplete, or have a known dictionary for the outliers.